The map below gives you a better idea where exactly South Korea is. Korea itself is divided into North Korea and South Korea.
What language is spoken?
Koreans speak Korean (or as it's called here "Hangul"). Below is a picture of the alphabet.
If you're interested in learning Korean, check out this awesome FREE site with lessons and videos:
Talk To Me in Korean
What about the food?
I could write pages and pages about the food here, some of it delicious, some of it a bit more *interesting*, but instead I will leave you with a few pictures